Bitches are general spayed around 4 months of age or before their first season. However, if your bitch is older, it is recommended to wait until around 3 months after their season before they are spayed. Spaying of bitches prevents litters of unwanted puppies, false pregnancies and pyometras. Spaying your bitch also significantly reduces the risk of mammary tumours, if not eliminating it all together.
Male dogs can be castrated at any time once their testicles have descended. Generally we castrate dogs from 6 months of age. Castration prevents prostate problems from developing and it can reduce behaviour that is driven by sexuality, although this is not a ‘cure all’ procedure.
There are some disadvantages to neutering your pet. Some neutered pets have a tendency to gain weight after the procedure. This is avoidable by monitoring your pet’s weight and feeding less if required. Urinary incontinence can also become a problem after surgery, particularly with bitches.